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Common Changes In Gut Health That Happen With Age

Home Care Assistance in Queens NY
Home Care Assistance in Queens NY

Aging brings a lot of physical changes that can affect a senior’s health. Seniors need to be aware of these changes and take steps to counteract any impact that they have on health. Gut health is very important because a healthy gut can contribute to overall good health. Research is being done that shows that gut health can impact everything from weight to having a healthy immune system. And gut health does change throughout the aging process.

Some of the changes in gut health that happen with age that seniors should be aware of are:

Slower Digestion

As people age, the digestive process tends to slow down. This means that food may move more slowly through the digestive tract, which can lead to issues like constipation and bloating. Slower digestion can also make it harder for the body to absorb nutrients efficiently. Seniors should add probiotic or fermented foods to their diet to speed up their digestion. Seniors with home care assistance may want to try canning or pickling foods as a hobby with the help of their home care assistance provider.

Decreased Production of Stomach Acid

Seniors often experience a decrease in stomach acid production, which is essential for breaking down food and killing harmful bacteria. This can lead to difficulty digesting certain foods, as well as an increased risk of bacterial infections in the gut. Medications can also affect the production of stomach acid.

Altered Gut Microbiota

The composition of the gut microbiota, which is the community of bacteria and other microorganisms in the intestines, can change with age. This can affect the balance of beneficial and harmful bacteria and may influence digestion, immune function, and overall gut health.

Reduced Intestinal Motility

The muscles in the digestive tract may become less efficient at moving food through the intestines, leading to slower transit times and an increased risk of constipation. Exercise can help seniors boost motility.

Increased Risk of Gastrointestinal Disorders

Seniors are more susceptible to gastrointestinal disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and diverticulosis/diverticulitis. These conditions can significantly impact gut health and daily comfort.

Medication-Induced Changes

Seniors often take a variety of medications, many of which can have side effects that affect gut health. These medications may alter the gut microbiota, cause constipation, or lead to other digestive issues.

Reduced Production of Enzymes

Enzymes are essential for the digestion of specific nutrients. With age, the body may produce fewer enzymes, making it more challenging to break down and absorb nutrients like proteins, fats, and carbohydrates.

Decreased Absorption of Nutrients

Changes in the gut lining can lead to decreased nutrient absorption. Seniors may have a harder time absorbing vitamins and minerals, including vitamin B12, calcium, and iron, which can result in nutritional deficiencies.

Weakened Immune Function

A significant portion of the immune system resides in the gut. Changes in gut health can weaken the gut-associated immune system, making seniors more susceptible to infections and autoimmune conditions.

Sensitivity to Certain Foods

Aging can bring about increased sensitivity to certain foods. Seniors may find that they have difficulty tolerating spicy or rich foods, dairy products, or foods high in fiber. Home care can help seniors try and identify foods which are causing sensitivity.

Decreased Appetite

Seniors often experience a decreased appetite, which can lead to changes in eating habits and potentially reduce the diversity of the diet. A less varied diet can affect gut health by reducing the range of nutrients and fibers consumed. It’s very important for seniors to eat regular nutritious meals or have fiber-rich snacks.


Dehydration can lead to constipation and exacerbate digestive issues. Seniors may be at a higher risk of dehydration, which is especially concerning for gut health. Seniors should make it a priority to drink water throughout the day. Herbal teas like ginger tea and peppermint tea can also help prevent dehydration.

Amelia Home Care provides traditional home care assistance services, along with virtual caregiving and remote patient monitoring. Our service area includes Brooklyn, Bronx, Manhattan, Queens, Staten Island, and Westchester County. Call today at (929) 333-3955

Amelia Home Care Staff

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